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This is College Now: Citing Sources

Plagiarism FAQs

UMD Academic Regulations and Procedures - Read this passage from your student handbook!

Avoiding Plagiarism - OWL Guide from Purdue - This emphasizes when to give credit to sources and offers safe practices to follow.

Citation Information

The librarians of the Claire T. Carney Library created a comprehensive citation guide that covers all of the major citation styles in academia. You can find that guide here

In addition, you may want to consider utilizing a citation management program as it will help you organize and manage your research. Zotero is the program that the Claire T. Carney librarians support, and you can find more information about it here



Sample Primary Source Citations

It is important to note that neither MLA or Chicago/Turabian provide explicit instructions on how to cite 'archival' primary sources (although they do have guidelines for things like 'unpublished manuscripts' and oral histories), so the following are some guidelines that meet MLA/Chicago standards. Always double check which format your professor prefers and provide the appropriate bibliographic information using that format.  

Always remember that archival material is more complex to identify than books or journal articles making the accuracy of citations more critical: a citation is designed to get a reader back to the original document.

The following elements are the basic information you need for a complete citation in your bibliography:

Author or creator’s name

Title/type of the work


Publication information [if any]

Collection name

Box and Folder



Archival Files:

Silva, Judge Milton. "Letter to Mario Medeiros.  January 24, 1989." Milton Silva personal and professional papers.  MC 93. Box 1, folder 6. Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

“Dedication of Chesed Shel Emes Congregation, 1094”. Chesed Shel Emes Congregation Records, 1903-1970. MC 25.  Box 1, folder 2. Center for Jewish Culture Archives. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.


“Oral History of Rosario Potvin”. Interview by Beatrice Pacheco. October 6, 1980. New Bedford Textile Worker’s Strike of 1928. MC 9.  Box 7, tape 13. Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Need help?

Do you have questions about the exercises you just did?

Do you have questions about finding primary and secondary sources for your own research?

If so, please feel free to reach out to me and ask!

I am available for virtual consultations or through chat (you can type your question below). You can set up an appointment with me via email, the calendar link or chat. 



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Claire T. Carney Library
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